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Author Topic: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense  (Read 25461 times)

Offline Swede

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #20 on: October 07, 2008, 11:55:07 AM »
The most challenging part of wild turkey hunting is their extremely sharp eye sight and their ability to catch even the slightest movement.

Their very suspicious and cautious. Camouflage is essential. Patience and setting up before daylight has better success. Calling works if gobblers and jakes are not with hens. If they are busy courting hens they rarely will leave them to come to a call. If they are looking for hens they will come to the call sometimes rather quickly. 

If you hear them gobbling and you call and they seem to getting closer but than stop it is called "hung up" They are probably with hens.

Hens have blue heads so be careful not to shoot a hen in states that ban shooting hens.

Sometimes simply sitting and waiting in heavy traveled areas works well.
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Offline Kentucky Bob

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #21 on: October 07, 2008, 12:56:22 PM »
Another thing to think about when turkey hunting is that since gobblers have red and blue--shading to white--colors on their heads, these are good colors to avoid when turkey hunting.  Do you habitually carry a bandana?  Do you drink Pepsi?  These can be colors that cause the "not-too-bright" types to fire a shot in your direction.  Sometimes some knothead will come to your call thinking he can slip up on a turkey.  Keep your back to a tree if at all possible (although I wouldn't recommend resting against the tree when you fire a 3 1/2" turkey load).

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Offline Kentucky Bob

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #22 on: October 07, 2008, 03:54:06 PM »
Ok, as promised here is a partial glossary of firearms parts and terms.  I'm getting too lazy to type all of this out myself, so I copied and pasted the majority of it. 

ACTION
The working mechanism of a firearm. Various types exist, including single-shots, multi-barrels, revolvers, slide- or pump-actions, lever-actions, bolt-actions, semi-automatics and automatics.
 
AIRGUN
Not a firearm but a gun that uses compressed air or CO2 to propel a projectile. Examples: BB gun, pellet gun, CO2 gun.

AMMUNITION
This generally refers to the assembled components of complete cartridges or rounds i.e., a case or shell holding a primer, a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets in the case of handguns and rifles, multiple pellets or single slugs in shotguns). Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from components inserted separately in muzzleloaders.

ANTIQUE
By federal definition, a firearm manufactured prior to 1899 or a firearm for which ammunition is not generally available or a firearm incapable of firing fixed ammunition.

ARMOR-PIERCING AMMUNITION
By federal definition, "a projectile or projectile core which may be used in a handgun and which is constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other substances) from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted uranium. Such term does not include shotgun shot required by... game regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible projectile designed for target shooting, a projectile which the Secretary finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the Secretary finds is intended to be used for industrial purposes, including a charge used in an oil and gas well perforating device."
 
ASSAULT RIFLE
By U.S. Army definition, a selective-fire rifle chambered for a cartridge of intermediate power. If applied to any semi-automatic firearm regardless of its cosmetic similarity to a true assault rifle, the term is incorrect.  For instance, my Bushmaster M4 Patrolman may look like an assault rifle, but since it is semi-automatic only it is not a true assault rifle. (see SEMIAUTOMATIC)
 
ASSAULT WEAPON
Any weapon used in an assault (see WEAPON). 

AUTOMATIC
A firearm designed to feed cartridges, fire them, eject their empty cases and repeat this cycle as long as the trigger is depressed and cartridges remain in the feed system. Examples: machine guns, submachine guns, selective-fire rifles, including true assault rifles.
 
AUTOMATIC PISTOL
A term used often to describe what is actually a semi-automatic pistol. It is, technically, a misnomer but a near-century of use has legitimized it, and its use confuses only the novice.
 
BALL
Originally a spherical projectile, now generally a fully jacketed bullet of cylindrical profile with round or pointed nose. Most commonly used in military terminology.   Often when called a full metal jacket it's abbreviated as FMJ.

BLACKPOWDER
The earliest type of firearms propellant that has generally been replaced by smokeless powder except for use in muzzleloaders and older breechloading guns that demand its lower pressure levels.
 
BLANK CARTRIDGE
A round loaded with blackpowder or a special smokeless powder but lacking a projectile. Used mainly in starting races, theatrical productions, troop exercises and in training dogs.
 
BOLT-ACTION
A gun mechanism activated by manual operation of the breechblock that resembles a common door bolt.
 
BORE
The interior of a firearm's barrel excluding the chamber.
 
BRASS
A synonym for expended metallic cartridge cases, usually made of brass.  Some companies like Wolf brand ammo use steel cases, but a guy standing on the range will say, "Don't forget to collect your brass..."
 
BULLET
The projectile expelled from a gun. It is not synonymous with cartridge. Bullets can be of many materials, shapes, weights and constructions such as solid lead, lead with a jacket of harder metal, round-nosed, flat-nosed, hollow-pointed, etc.
 
CALIBER
The nominal diameter of a projectile of a rifled firearm or the diameter between lands in a rifled barrel. In this country, usually expressed in hundreds of an inch; in Great Britain in thousandths; in Europe and elsewhere in millimeters.  For instance, in the U.S. a .50 caliber is a half-inch in diameter or in Britain a .500.  A 9mm or millimeter is, of course, 9mm in diameter.
 
CARBINE
A rifle with a relatively short barrel. Any rifle or carbine with a barrel less than 16" long must be registered with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. Shotguns with barrels less than 18" long fall into the same category. 

CARTRIDGE
A single, complete round of ammunition. Sometimes people call this a 'bullet', but the bullet is only a part of the cartridge.
 
CASE, CASING
The envelope (container) of a cartridge. For rifles and handguns it is usually of brass or other metal; for shotguns it is usually of paper or plastic with a metal head and is more often called a "shell."
 
CENTER-FIRE
A cartridge with its primer located in the center of the base of the case.   See RIMFIRE.
 
CHAMBER
The rear part of the barrel that is formed to accept the cartridge to be fired. A revolver employs a multi-chambered rotating cylinder separated from the stationary barrel.
 
CHOKE
A constriction at or near the muzzle of a shotgun barrel that affects shot dispersion.  There are several different types of choke, enough to cover a post of their own.  Generally speaking, tighter chokes are wanted to shoot at longer distances, open chokes are usually for closer up to the shooter.

CLIP
A device for holding a group of cartridges. Semantic wars have been fought over the word, with some insisting it is not a synonym for "detachable magazine." For 80 years, however, it has been so used by manufacturers and the military. There is no argument that it can also mean a separate device for holding and transferring a group of cartridges to a fixed or detachable magazine or as a device inserted with cartridges into the mechanism of a firearm becoming, in effect, part of that mechanism.   See MAGAZINE.
 
COP-KILLER BULLET
An inflammatory phrase having neither historical basis nor legal or technical meanings.  I include it only because the phrase has been thrown about for so many years. 
 
CYLINDER
The drum of a revolver that contains the chambers for the ammunition.
 
DERRINGER
A small single-shot or multi-barrelled (rarely more than two) pocket pistol.
 
DETONATE
To explode with great violence. It is generally associated with high explosives e.g. TNT, dynamite, etc., and not with the relatively slow-burning smokeless gunpowders that are classed as propellants. 

DOUBLE-ACTION
A handgun mechanism where pulling the trigger retracts and releases the hammer or firing pin to initiate discharge.  A single-action revolver must have the hammer pulled back or "cocked" to be able to fire it.  A single-action semi-automatic pistol must have the slide pulled back or the hammer cocked to be readied for firing.
 
DUM-DUM BULLET
A British military bullet developed in India`s Dum-Dum Arsenal and used on India`s North West Frontier and in the Sudan in 1897 and 1898. It was a jacketed .303 cal. British bullet with the jacket nose left open to expose the lead core in the hope of increasing effectiveness. Improvement was not pursued, for the Hague Convention of 1899 (not the Geneva Convention of 1925, which dealt largely with gas warfare) outlawed such bullets for warfare. Often "dum-dum" is misused as a term for any soft-nosed or hollow- pointed hunting bullet.  Another modern use came about when some would cut an 'x' or cross into the nose of a lead bullet to cause it to deform when it struck a person.  If I recall correctly this practice is illegal, but I may be mistaken.
 
EXPLODING BULLET
A projectile containing an explosive component that acts on contact with the target. Seldom found and generally ineffective as such bullets lack the penetration necessary for defense or hunting.
 
EXPLOSIVE
Any substance (TNT, etc.) that, through chemical reaction, detonates or violently changes to gas with accompanying heat and pressure. Smokeless powder, by comparison, deflagrates (burns relatively slowly) and depends on its confinement in a gun`s cartridge case and chamber for its potential as a propellant to be realized. 

 FIREARM
A rifle, shotgun or handgun using gunpowder as a propellant. By federal definition, under the 1968 Gun Control Act, antiques are excepted. Under the National Firearms Act, the word designates machine guns, etc. Airguns are not firearms.
 
FIXED AMMUNITION
A complete cartridge of several obsolete types and of today's rimfire and center-fire versions.
 
FLASH HIDER/FLASH SUPPRESSOR
A muzzle attachment intended to reduce visible muzzle flash caused by the burning propellant.
 
GAUGE
The bore size of a shotgun determined by the number of round lead balls of bore diameter that equals a pound.  A 12 gauge shotgun basically means that 12 round lead balls of that particular bore size will make up a pound of lead.  16 gauge, 20 gauge, and so on.  The exception is the .410 shotgun.  Note the "."  This is a caliber designation, not a gauge.  A .410 bore shotgun is something like a 67 gauge, but they figured no one would buy a 67 gauge shotgun, so they named it the .410 bore.  Marketing is as important in the firearms industry as it is in any other!
 
GUN
The British restrict the term in portable arms to shotguns. Here it is properly used for rifles, shotguns, handguns and airguns, as well as cannon.  Do not, DO NOT call your rifle a "gun" in front of a Marine drill sergeant... :nono:
 
GUNPOWDER
Chemical substances of various compositions, particle sizes, shapes and colors that, on ignition, serve as a propellant. Ignited smokeless powder emits minimal quantities of smoke from a gun's muzzle; the older blackpowder emits relatively large quantities of whitish smoke.
 
HANDGUN
Synonym for pistol.
 
HIGH-CAPACITY MAGAZINE
An inexact, non-technical term indicating a magazine holding more rounds than might be considered "average."  In some jurisdictions civilians are limited to magazines that hold 10 cartridges or less.
 
HOLLOW-POINT BULLET
A bullet with a concavity in its nose to increase expansion on penetration of a solid target.  It may or may not have a jacket of copper or brass to better control expansion, a "jacketed hollow-point", abbreviated as JHP. 
 
JACKET
The envelope enclosing the core of a bullet.  Usually made of copper or brass, however the Winchester Silvertip line of handgun bullets are actually jacketed in aluminum.
 
LEVER-ACTION
A gun mechanism activated by manual operation of a lever.  The Winchester Model '94 is the quintessential lever-action.  Ever watch a Western?  You probably know what a lever-action is.

MACHINE GUN
A firearm of military significance, often crew-served, that on trigger depression automatically feeds and fires cartridges of rifle size or greater. Civilian ownership in the U.S. has been heavily curtailed and federally regulated since 1934.
 
MAGAZINE
A spring-loaded container for cartridges that may be an integral part of the gun`s mechanism or may be detachable. Detachable magazines for the same gun may be offered by the gun`s manufacturer or other manufacturers with various capacities. A gun with a five-shot detachable magazine, for instance, may be fitted with a magazine holding 10, 20, or 50 or more rounds. Box magazines are most commonly located under the receiver with the cartridges stacked vertically. Tube or tubular magazines run through the stock or under the barrel with the cartridges lying horizontally. Drum magazines hold their cartridges in a circular mode. A magazine can also mean a secure storage place for ammunition or explosives.
 
MAGNUM
A term indicating a relatively heavily loaded metallic cartridge or shotshell and, by extension, a gun safely constructed to fire it. 
 
MULTI-BARRELED
A gun with more than one barrel, the most common being the double-barreled shotgun.
 
MUSHROOMED BULLET
A description of a bullet whose forward diameter has expanded after penetration.
 
MUZZLE
The open end of the barrel from which the projectile exits.  Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction!
 
MUZZLE BRAKE
An attachment to or integral part of the barrel intended to trap and divert expanding gasses and reduce recoil.
 
MUZZLELOADER
The earliest type of gun, now also popular as modern-made replicas, in which blackpowder and projectile(s) are separately loaded in through the muzzle. The term is often applied to cap-and-ball revolvers where the loading is done not actually through the muzzle but through the open ends of the cylinder`s chambers.
 
PELLET GUN
A rifle or pistol using compressed air or CO2 to propel a skirted pellet as opposed to a spherical BB. Not a firearm. 
 
PELLETS
Small spherical projectiles loaded in shotshells and more often called "shot." Also the skirted projectiles used in pellet guns.
 
PISTOL
Synonymous with "handgun." A gun that is generally held in one hand. It may be of the single-shot, multi-barrel, repeating or semi-automatic variety and includes revolvers.   Sometimes there are those who will say "pistol" when specifically referring to a semi-auto, for example they may say something like, "I prefer a revolver to a pistol..."
 
PISTOL GRIP
The handle of a handgun or protrusion on the buttstock or fore-end of a shoulder-operated gun that resembles the grip or handle of a handgun. A "semi-pistol grip" is one less pronounced than normal; a "vertical pistol grip" is more pronounced than normal.
 
PLINKING
Informal shooting at any of a variety of inanimate targets. The most often practiced shooting sport in this country.
 
PRIMER
The ignition component of a cartridge, generally made up of a metallic fulminate or (currently) lead styphnate.
 
PROPELLANT
In a firearm the chemical composition that is ignited by the primer to generate gas. In air or pellet guns, compressed air or CO2.
 
PYRODEX
A trade name for a blackpowder substitute, the only such safe substitute known at this time.
 
RECEIVER
The housing for a firearm's breech (portion of the barrel with chamber into which a cartridge or projectile is loaded) and firing mechanism.
 
REVOLVER
A gun, usually a handgun, with a multi-chambered cylinder that rotates to successively align each chamber with a single barrel and firing pin.  Sometimes called a "wheelgun" or "hogleg".
 
RIFLE
A shoulder gun with rifled bore.
 
RIFLING
Spiral grooves in a gun`s bore that spin the projectile in flight and impart accuracy. Rifling is present in all true rifles, in most handguns and in some shotgun barrels designed for increasing the accuracy potential of slugs (a slug is a single projectile rather than the more common "shot".)
 
RIMFIRE
A rimmed or flanged cartridge with the priming mixture located inside the rim of the case. The most famous example is the .22 rimfire. It has been estimated that between 3-4 billion .22 cartridges are loaded in the U.S. each year.
 
ROUND
Synonym for a cartridge.  "I have about 20 rounds left..."
 
SABOT
A lightweight carrier surrounding a heavier projectile of reduced caliber, allowing a firearm to shoot ammunition for which it is not chambered. For example, a hunter could use his .30-30 deer rifle to shoot small game with .22 centerfire bullets.  Commonly used today with muzzleloaders and shotguns.

SAFETY
A device intended to prevent the accidental discharge of a firearm.  Usually a switch or button that has to be pushed in order to prevent the gun from firing or to ready it for firing.  Safeties are mechanical devices that can break, and should not be trusted entirely.  Don't put your finger on the trigger even when the safety is in the "ON" or "SAFE" position.

SATURDAY NIGHT SPECIAL
A catchy phrase having no legal or technical meaning.  Also the title to a catchy song by Lynyrd Skynyrd...
 
SAWED-OFF SHOTGUN (RIFLE)
Common term for federally restricted "short-barreled shotgun (rifle)" i.e. a conventional shotgun with barrel less than 18" (rifle less than 16") or overall length less than 26."   
 
SELECTIVE-FIRE
A firearm's ability to be fired fully automatically, semi-automatically or, in some cases, in burst-fire mode at the option of the firer.
 
SEMI-AUTOMATIC
A firearm designed to fire a single cartridge, eject the empty case and reload the chamber each time the trigger is pulled.  Sometimes called an "auto" or "automatic" especially when referring to semi-auto handguns.
 
SHOTGUN
A shoulder gun with smooth-bored barrel(s) primarily intended for firing multiple small, round projectiles, (shot, birdshot, pellets), larger shot (buck shot), single round balls (pumpkin balls) and cylindrical slugs. Some shotgun barrels have rifling to give better accuracy with slugs or greater pattern spread to birdshot.   Also a great song by Jr. Walker & the Allstars...

SHOTSHELL
The cartridge for a shotgun. It is also called a "shell," and its body may be of metal or plastic or of plastic or paper with a metal head. Small shotshells are also made for rifles and handguns and are often used for vermin control.
 
SILENCER
A virtually prohibited device for attachment to a gun's muzzle for reducing (not silencing) the report. Better terms would be "sound suppressor" or "sound moderator."

SINGLE-ACTION
For a revolver, a firearm that must have the hammer manually cocked back in order to fire.  Double-action revovlers can also be fired in this way, but single actions MUST have the hammer cocked back.  Semi-auto handguns may also be single-action, meaning the hammer is fully cocked back to fire the pistol.  Some semi-autos have internal hammers that aren't visible.
 
SINGLE-SHOT
A gun mechanism lacking a magazine where separately carried ammunition must be manually placed in the gun's chamber for each firing.
 
SLIDE-ACTION
A gun mechanism activated by manual operation of a horizontally sliding handle almost always located under the barrel. "Pump-action" and "trombone" are synonyms for "slide-action."
 
SNUB-NOSED
Descriptive of (usually) a revolver with an unusually short barrel.

SUBMACHINE GUN
An automatic firearm commonly firing pistol ammunition intended for close-range combat.
 
TEFLON
Trade name for a synthetic sometimes used to coat hard bullets to protect the rifling. Other synthetics, nylon for instance, have also been used as bullet coatings. None of these soft coatings has any effect on lethality.

TRIGGER
The part of the gun used to actually fire it.  The trigger is normally located on the lower portion of the firearm and is usually protected by a 'trigger guard.'  Keep your finger off the trigger until you want it to go 'bang.'
 
WEAPON
Webster defines it as "an instrument of offensive or defensive combat." Thus an automobile, baseball bat, bottle, chair, firearm, fist, pen knife or shovel is a "weapon," if so used.

This is by no means a comprehensive or complete list of terms, but just a good start.  Others are going to be needed as we go along, and we'll fit those in as we go along.   gen165.gif
 



« Last Edit: October 22, 2008, 09:41:45 PM by Swede »
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Offline RovingArcher

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #23 on: October 07, 2008, 04:58:30 PM »
Good list KB.  I wanted to comment on whether an air rifle like pellet or bb gun, is a firearm.  If those reading this are from California,  if an area is marked that you can't discharge a firearm, or you know that it is illegal to shoot a firearm in the area, your pellet or bb gun will get you into trouble.  For that matter, so would a bow, atlatl, slingshot, blowgun (illegal anyways) and anything else that discharges, launches or shoots a missle.
Make em sharp and shoot em straight, or leave em home.

Offline Rockhounder

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #24 on: October 07, 2008, 07:40:22 PM »
Long Live the People's Republic of Kahleefornya. You know, I've noticed a few things about this state since Arnold became our Governator:

Guns - TERMINATED
Marraige between man and woman - TERMINATED
Off-Highway Vehicle trails - TERMINATED
2-cycle engines (motorcycles included) - TERMINATED
Fair Taxes - TERMINATED
Tight Border Control - TERMINATED

Hmmmmm........

I'm just posting this temporarily in response to my current foul mood of our State, I'll delete it later tonight as not to get this topic off on a tangent......
SARCHASM: (n.) The gulf between the author of sarcastic wit and the person who doesn't get it.

Offline RovingArcher

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #25 on: October 07, 2008, 09:00:15 PM »
Long Live the People's Republic of Kahleefornya. You know, I've noticed a few things about this state since Arnold became our Governator:

Guns - TERMINATED
Marraige between man and woman - TERMINATED
Off-Highway Vehicle trails - TERMINATED
2-cycle engines (motorcycles included) - TERMINATED
Fair Taxes - TERMINATED
Tight Border Control - TERMINATED

Hmmmmm........

I'm just posting this temporarily in response to my current foul mood of our State, I'll delete it later tonight as not to get this topic off on a tangent......

Too late! :D

Have you been to Hollister Hills? 

Back on topic, I guess what I was getting at with my above post, is that we should understand our state and local gov's regulations on firearms, prior to using them in given areas.
Make em sharp and shoot em straight, or leave em home.

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #26 on: October 07, 2008, 09:02:11 PM »
it is the same up here just takes longer and we fight a bet over things

Offline Rockhounder

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #27 on: October 08, 2008, 11:16:49 AM »

Have you been to Hollister Hills? 


Last time I was there was March 2008 racing the Phantom Hare Scrambles for District 36.
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Offline Weyfarere

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #28 on: October 08, 2008, 12:34:32 PM »
Many states require an orange tip to be on air rifles... California (aka "PRK") being one of them.
There are also state laws on being able to carry a concealed weopon that require a CCW permit and special requirements for transporting/shipping your weopons.... (such as from your home to the gun range). If you have children in your vehicle and transporting a weopon, there are rules for that as well.


Offline Kentucky Bob

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #29 on: October 08, 2008, 04:06:11 PM »
RA, you and the others have brought up a good point.  You had better know of local laws and ordinances in effect where you live.  There is simply no way for us to list every law on the books in this country, but I will provide a link to the NRA's guide to state laws.  You just click on your state to get a "quick reference" guide to state laws.  Now, this will not include any local ordinances, so don't think that the laws you will see listed are entirely complete.

http://www.nraila.org/GunLaws/

You also need to be wary of inadvertently breaking the law if you are traveling with a firearm.  This is a link to the "Traveler's Guide to the Firearms Laws of the Fifty States" :

http://www.gunlaws.com/travel.htm
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Offline RovingArcher

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #30 on: October 08, 2008, 05:12:37 PM »
Many states require an orange tip to be on air rifles... California (aka "PRK") being one of them.

The orange tip on the barrel, surrounding the muzzle would apply to airsoft only.  The airsoft pistols and rifles are so life like, that the police have drawn down on and in some cases, shot kids carrying them, which is why the bright color on the toy.  The BB and Pellet rifles and pistols do not require the orange on the barrel, which is also an indication that both the BB and Pellet guns are considered real firearms.
Make em sharp and shoot em straight, or leave em home.

Offline taken by the wind...

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #31 on: October 08, 2008, 06:23:52 PM »
~ thanks for the informative thread K-Bob...   :thumbup:

Offline Swede

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #32 on: October 08, 2008, 06:49:54 PM »
The laws are a good point when it comes to owning and carrying a firearm. Firearms have to be in a fully closed gun case here in Illinois or broken down to make them unable to fire quickly. A few years ago they passed a law that an uncased firearm was a felony. We called the DNR and they said the law was enacted for inner city gangs and if you were obviously out hunting they were going to write it as a misdemeanor. We hope.  :scared: 

Illinois has the distinction of requireing any one owning a fire are to have a gun permit and if you have a felony or been involved in domestic violence they will not issue a permit. It has been a common practice to take your gun permit and confiscate all the guns in your house.   :reallymad:
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Offline mtwolfsbane

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #33 on: October 08, 2008, 08:06:54 PM »
Knowing your local regulations is paramount to owning a firearm in any state. :S

In Montana, You may not have a shotgun with a barrel shorter than 16 inches, and you may not put a silencer,(device to quiet the report of a discharged weapon, inappropriately named as it is more of a baffler, it does not contain the sonic boom from a bullet traveling higher than the speed of sound), and you may not carry a concelled weapon without a Concealed Carry permit.

You can carry a weapon as long as it is not concealed, such as in a belt holster, but not into schools, banks or federal buildings that have posted signs not allowing a weapon on the premises.
Many of our convenience stores also post limits on wearing your firearm inside the store.

We may also own fully automatic weapons as long as they are registered.

That is about it, except some towns do not allow the weapon to be loaded in city limits. :thumbdown:

That is about it. (Yes there are people here who wear pistols or carry rifles all the time, not just the cops  :thumbsup:)

That is one thing I have heard from law enforcement here, when they pull someone over for a stop, the fact that that individual is armed is a given. In fact, it is far more uncommon to find someone that is not armed, or at least has something in the car or shop, or office for that matter.
usually a new transplant 8|

And before you ask, our crime rate is VERY low :thumbsup:

I would like to address Swede's earlier question about how to choose a weapon.

1) What do you plan to do with it? Hunt, Self Defense, survival, or perhaps target or plinking. The answer to this question can help decide if you want a rifle, shotgun or handgun. It will also help determine caliber.

2) What is your tolerance to recoil? Recoil or Kick can turn a fine weapon into an ordeal to shoot. It can cause bad habits like flinching or jerking to show up and destroy accuracy. With the wide range of calibers and loads available, finding a weapon that is fun to fire will be a lifelong investment and pleasure. Finding one that hurts to fire can cause someone to sell the weapon and never wish to use it again.

3) Find your draw length. While this term is usually used with archery, it also figures with fitting rifles and shotguns. The length is between your shoulder and the trigger. Most modern rifles are set up with a 16 inch draw, but youth and women's models are normally 14 1/2 inches. It should fit you well in proper firing position so the recoil is distributed evenly. If the draw is too long, you are pulled to the side and the recoil is consentrated, making it feel worse.

There are a multitude of calibers, models, weights and quality features out there. For a beginner, A pellet rifle works well for teaching stance and firing. You can learn how to steady the rifle, aim, breathe properly and squeeze the trigger. As there is no recoil or report you can get comfortable with this enjoyable weapon for pennies as BBs and pellets are cheap.

Move up to a 22 rimfire. No recoil, minimal report, cheap to fire, and a blast to fire! :hugegrin: A pop can has no chance against you.

From there it is easy to move up to more serious calibers depending on what you need the weapon for. If hunting Cape Buffalo or Alaskan Grizzly, I would prefer something in the .458 magnum range  :thumbup: I wouldn't reccomend this caliber for beginners, happy097.gif

For self defense, very few weapons work as well as a riot gun, a short barreled pump action shotgun that may come with a pistol grip. Very short range, but you can fire rapidly and put a wall of lead between you and your attacker.

Pistols are great, I enjoy shooting mine a lot, but a pistol requires the most practice to be proficient, and keep your skills. The calibers are wide ranging, some may be fine for small and medium game hunting up to deer size at moderate distances of 50 yards or so.
They are convenient, quick, and a lot of fun. However, pistols labor under the most oppressive laws, and require more work to use effectively than a rifle or shotgun. wacky078.gif

Keep up the great work guys, this is a fascinating thread! :thumbsup: :thumbsup:


« Last Edit: October 22, 2008, 09:44:27 PM by Swede »

Offline Kentucky Bob

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #34 on: October 10, 2008, 08:10:39 AM »
Ok, let's look at bullet types.  Often when reading firearms-related articles you'll see things like:  FMJ, JHP, SJHP, SP, BT...etc etc!  There are many types and styles of bullets, many of which are industry-standards, some are proprietary.  Power Point, Silvertip, HydraShok...these are all examples of proprietary names from companies that own the designs. 

Armor-piercing:  (AP) Ammunition developed for the military, usually with some sort of steel core inside the bullet designed to penetrate light steel or body armor.  Now commonly available to civilians as surplus ammo for cheaper practice.  Another type is API--armor-piercing incendiary, which has an additional charge of phosphorous or other material to ignite the target.  NOT generally available to civilians, and not to be confused with a "tracer" round.

 
1. Jacket   2. Lead core  3. Steel core/penetrator


Full metal jacket: (FMJ)  A bullet with a copper shell completely covering the bullet, usually with the rear of the bullet exposed.  Some brands completely encase the entire bullet with copper to prevent lead contamination of the environment.  This bullet type is one of the most common used for practice, and is mandated by international treaty for use by the military. 


1. Jacket  2. Lead core

 

Jacketed Soft-point:  (JSP)  This bullet was developed to expand when striking its target, especially for hunting.  The softer exposed lead tip causes the bullet to expand--or "mushroom"--causing more tissue damage than a FMJ.  This type can be found in both rifle and handgun ammunition.


1. Jacket 2. Lead core/tip



Jacketed Hollow Point:  This is another semi-jacketed design like the JSP designed to expand upon contact with the target, and can be found in both rifle and handgun ammo (sometimes even in shotgun slugs).  Commonly used for defensive handguns and for hunting purposes.  Federal's Hydra Shok, Remington's Golden Saber, Winchester's SXT and others are proprietary names for different styles of hollow point bullets, often altered to enhance performance.


1. Jacket  2. Lead core  3.  Hollow cavity


Lead Wad Cutter:  (LWC)  An all-lead bullet for target shooting, with a flat nose designed to "cut" a nearly perfect hole in a paper target.  Mostly used in revolvers, only a few semi-autos were designed to handle the bullet profile.



Lead Semi-Wad Cutter:  (LSWC)  A type of wad cutter, with improved ballistic performance.  Some designs of LSWC are used in hunting applications, again mostly used in revolvers. 



Lead Round Nose: (LRN)  An all-lead bullet with a rounded front profile, one of the oldest designs around.  Now mostly used as a cheap target bullet, it once was the most commonly used bullet for hunting and defense.




There are a number of other designs and variations, especially in rifle ammunition.  I will cover things like boat-tails, spire-points, and spitzers in the next post.







 
« Last Edit: October 22, 2008, 09:46:19 PM by Swede »
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Offline Swede

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #35 on: October 12, 2008, 09:42:35 AM »
Whats the difference between a hunting gun and a personal protection fire arm?
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Offline mistwalker

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #36 on: October 12, 2008, 09:58:39 AM »
There isn't always a difference
 
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Offline Kentucky Bob

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #37 on: October 12, 2008, 09:59:06 AM »
There isn't always a difference

Agreed.
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Offline Swede

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #38 on: October 13, 2008, 10:07:59 AM »
Would I use a 30-06 to hunt squirrels? What determines what gun to use for the game your hunting?
I hope the war on terror goes better then the war on drugs and the war on poverty
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Offline mistwalker

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Re: A Beginner's Guide to Firearms For Survival, Hunting and Defense
« Reply #39 on: October 13, 2008, 12:52:35 PM »
Would I use a 30-06 to hunt squirrels?

Well....,as a general rule NO, as it's a bit overpowered for squirrels, however...,  I have seen my dad leave to go deer hunting taking only his Marlin lever action .35 and come back with a half dozen headless squirrels. In his words "If I hit the squirrel in the head I get a pretty good squirrel...., if I hit it in the body then I get a pretty good head..., but there is a lot less meat with the head" . Anyone else here ever eaten squirrels brains? It's pretty good when your really hungry, it's best if you have the whole squirrel then you just leave the head on the body when you skin it, then put the heads on a cookie sheet and bake them, and then when you eat them you just crack them sort of like a walnut...., sorry Dave.

What determines what gun to use for the game your hunting?


What guns you have at the time you go hunting..., oh..., and the local laws unless you are REALLY hungry.
 
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