this is a short tutorial on natural materials for tinder to make fire without chemicals. its not all encompassing but i used some natural materials that are pretty common throughout the country. hope you like it.
the first 3 pictures are of the 3 materials i used. picture 1 has one of last years nettle stalks, 2 has some standing dead grasses and 3 is of a cedar tree. you can stick you knife behind the bark of the cedar and peel it off in strips. with the nettle stalks you want to pound them between a rock and a hard place, or two sticks, whatever you have handy. start by slowly rotating the stalk while working your way up and down its length.(the same way you would get the fibers to use for cordage)
once you have broken it up roll it in your Hands until the woody parts fall out and your left with a fine fibrous little ball of string.
you do the same with the cedar bark and the grasses. the lighter and fluffyer(sorry, lack of a better word
) it is the better. do the same with the dry grasses. now the dry grasses dont catch as easily as the nettle or cedar fiber but it catches flame real easy once the fluff has ignited. you dont need both the cedar and nettles, you can use either one as well as dried dogbane, milkweed or any number of fibrous wild plants.
make a birdsnest/taco with the bundle with the grasses to the outside.
now the part you need to know is to make sure the tinder is folded over like a the roof of a cave so it can catch the flame from the tinder that you hit with the spark.
now all you need to do is spray your sparks into the little cave. unlike a coal wind is not your Friend for the spark based fire method. so make sure your well sheltered from the wind. if you are using friction then just drop your coal into the little cave, hold it up and gently blow it into flame. this tinder works great for lens based fire starting also.
there you have it, no chemicals, all natural. but it can be hard as hell if its soaking wet so make sure you have a backup firestarter like a bic lighter. cheap, easy and dependable for hundreds of fires